"Tất tần tật" Collocation bắt đầu với P nên học trong tiếng anh

· Collocation

Bên cạnh hay nhầm lẫn về cách dùng các từ na ná nhau như Worry và Concern, hôm nay, IELTS TUTOR sẽ chia sẻ thêm về các collocation bắt đầu bằng chữ K nên học trong tiếng anh cho các bạn.

painful memory

a memory that's upsetting or disturbing - trí nhớ đau đớn

Ví dụ:

  • Somewhere at the back of his mind her death remains as a painful memory to be endured.
  • The use of a highly textured piercing sound whose layers cannot be easily untangled makes his painful memory visceral for the viewer.
  • An example is the notion of eugenics, a painful memory in the history of science.
  • A tooth decay vaccine developed by British scientists could soon make the dentist's drill a painful memory.

painful reminder

If something's a painful reminder, it reminds you of something you find upsetting or disturbing - vật khiến bạn đau đớn/ đau buồn

Ví dụ:

  • A hairline fracture of his cheekbone is a painful reminder of his escapade.
  • It was the wrong thing to say, for he grabbed her wrist in his hand, clamping down on it with iron strength in a painful reminder of what he was.
  • The match must have been a painful reminder of her loss in last year's final.
  • Harry said the movie was a painful reminder of how little he's achieved in his life.

painfully shy

extremely shy, or so shy that other people find it disturbing - cực kì ngại ngùng

Ví dụ:

  • Once considered painfully shy, he is now notorious for being surly and unwilling to suffer fools.
  • She was an elegant, very composed lady, said to be painfully shy, but not the time I met her.
  • Her painfully shy, stuttering father doted on her while her more powerful mother spoiled her.
  • Friends allege he is painfully shy and a borderline social inadequate.
  • Maugham was painfully shy, and Haxton the extrovert gathered human material which the author converted to fiction.

pair work

a type of learning activity in which two students work together - việc nhóm

Ví dụ:

  • Exploring the potential of rehearsal via automatized structured tasks versus face-to-face pair work to facilitate pragmatic and oral development.
  • After learning new expressions, we do some pair work to practise them.
  • Pair work often involves students exchanging information of some sort.

pass (the) time

to do something to fill in time when you're bored or have nothing to do - bán thời gian

Ví dụ:

  • At night, his teammates help him pass the time in his house, playing cards, dominoes and video games.
  • To pass the time, he spies on his neighbours, watching the real-life soap opera in the building across from his.
  • The bumper cars, near the entrance, appeared to be an excellent way to pass the time between queueing for the bigger rides.
  • Tom said he started bringing a book to work to pass the time after the initial novelty wore off.
  • The book is an easy-going page turner that will help you pass the time if you are stuck at an airport.

pass a law

to bring in a new law by voting in parliament or by decree – ban hành luật

Ví dụ:

  • That's why it's important to pass a law that would protect the industry from frivolous lawsuits.
  • Have all administrative, legal and legislative avenues to pass a law truly been exhausted?
  • It is possible that the Parliament could pass a law, having extraterritorial effect, which might invalidate a contrary law.
  • And you can't rise up every time someone does something stupid and pass a law for the masses to stop the stupidity.
  • Marcus Aurelius, a pretty decent Caesar as Caesars go, could not pass a law against his depraved son, Commodus.

pass a test

to not fail a test – thi đậu

Ví dụ:

  • Do they have to hold a licence, to pass a test, be insured, display L-plates, or are they exempt and not obliged to wear crash helmets?
  • To qualify as a professional fiduciary, CPAs would have had to pass a test, meet minimum educational requirements and agree to abide by a separate code of ethics.
  • Obviously, in order to enable a person who has been disqualified to pass a test, he would have to be able to drive and obtain a provisional licence to do so.
  • The right to grant a licentia docendi was originally reserved to the church which required the applicant to pass a test, to take oath of allegiance and pay a fee.

pay a bill

to pay the amount stated on a bill - trả hóa đơn

Ví dụ:

  • By using the Act the Government can pass a bill into law without the Lords ' agreement after a year.
  • He urged Congress to pass a bill giving him special powers to fast-track development projects in the city.
  • It also inspired me to work with our state legislature to pass a bill so our children received a certificate of Stillbirth.
  • Gladstone attempted to pass a bill granting Ireland home rule, but to Victoria's glee it was defeated.
  • The city of Tempe considered legal advice about a civil union ordinance, but it did not pass a bill.

pay a visit

to visit someone or something - thăm ai/ nơi nào

Ví dụ:

  • If you have given up trying to resemble a stick insect, pay a visit to Peck, the ultimate Italian deli.
  • To break the monotony, we hopped along the road in a westerly direction to pay a visit to a large furniture and furnishings store.
  • If you can't pay a visit but want to try some artisan cheeses, the cheeseries will let you order products either by mail or on-line.
  • Otherwise people can go there in person and pay a visit to the kids since the center is not that far.
  • So if you're hungry, hard luck, although certainly pay a visit if you value a decent pint and good company in congenial surroundings.

pay attention

to watch closely or listen carefully to someone or something - tập trung

Ví dụ:

  • I'm trying to conjure up the good-fairy presence, trying to get her to pay attention to me.
  • Find other clear-headed thinkers like yourself and pay attention exclusively to their work.
  • She's mature beyond her years in terms of her ability to pay attention to every single detail of her preparation.
  • It is a fairly straightforward game where you just have to pay attention and be thorough.
  • If the sounds in music do not combine in a way that excites interest, then there is no reason to pay attention.

peace and quiet

no noise or disturbance - yên tĩnh

Ví dụ:

  • But when it comes to protecting our peace and quiet, we Beggarsdalians make the Sicilians sound like a bunch of loud-mouthed gossips.
  • My ideal destinations would be the Isle of Lewis for peace and quiet, and the Algarve for the sunshine.
  • This house seems ideal for a family looking for privacy or a bit of peace and quiet.
  • I feel it is imperative the Government provides adequate laws to empower local authorities to provide council tax payers with peace and quiet.
  • We offer peace and quiet, no resident children, structured control and security.

perfectly normal

not unusual at all - cực kì hoàn hảo

Ví dụ:

  • After all, it is perfectly normal, indeed, deeply human to be moved when nature presents us with a vision of great beauty.
  • What's more, this time-wasting seemed perfectly normal for London and I thought nothing of it.
  • That is a perfectly normal human motivation but one that is pursued by Leftists more or less to the exclusion of all else.
  • At the nail bar were sleek women for whom it was perfectly normal to stop by for a weekly mani-pedi after work.
  • There were pieces of clothing, breeks and cloaks that looked perfectly normal, but these produced their own warmth.

personal belongings

personal possessions that belong to you - hành lí cá nhân

Ví dụ:

  • We quickly unload cases, leave them with our bags and personal belongings in the store room and lock the door with the sliding bolt and padlock.
  • No personal belongings were found on the body which had been in the river for anywhere between three and 12 months.
  • They fled their homes with a few personal belongings, escaping the acrid sulphuric fumes and lava of an erupting volcano.
  • Officers raided his room at the college that day to search his personal belongings and took five letters away.
  • Their coats, wallets, mobile phones and other personal belongings were stolen.

phone rings

If your phone rings, it makes a noise to let you know someone's calling you - chuông điện thoại

Ví dụ:

  • You can't put a price on the embarrassment when you are sitting in the auditorium during a performance and your phone rings.
  • I am perched on an old stone fountain surrounded by red flowers when the phone rings.
  • When the phone rings, or when someone walks in that he knows, he intonates differently.
  • When the red phone rings the crew have 90 seconds to get suited up and get the boat out on the water.
  • And within a minute, the hands-free phone rings and a woman with a kindly and reassuring voice is asking me what it is that I desire.

pick your nose

to use a finger to remove dried mucus from inside your nose - móc ráy mũi

Ví dụ:

  • Tommy! Quit picking your nose, that's a filthy habit!
  • No wonder we're losing so much money—half our staff just stands around picking their noses for most of the day!
  • Stop picking your nose, Johnny!
  • When you're talking to the queen, try not to pick your nose.

piece of advice

a particular suggestion given as advice - lời khuyên

Ví dụ:

  • He has taken the odd piece of advice from Middlesbrough boss McClaren, whom he pits his wits against today.
  • Mr Hewitt said one important piece of advice was for people to watch out for any strangers hanging about stables or yards.
  • Having delivered myself of that Friday afternoon piece of advice and homily, can we turn then to the preposed orders and directions.
  • We question the value of this piece of advice in the otherwise useful protocol.
  • Several years ago, while studying for a postgraduate degree, I was given a piece of advice by my tutor for which I will always be thankful.

piece of equipment

one particular item used as equipment - một nguyên vật liệu

Ví dụ:

  • How screws and such can work loose when a piece of equipment is left undisturbed and unused I do not know.
  • For heavy swaging, forming, bending and many other similar jobs, a swage block is a useful piece of equipment.
  • Their new laptop seems to be a well-featured piece of equipment at a competitive price.
  • Everyone associated with a particular piece of equipment must be familiar with it and competent to use it correctly.
  • This spurred him to work on lasers, a necessary piece of equipment for his measurement.

piece of information

a particular fact or item of information - mẫu thông tin

Ví dụ:

  • We primarily had overlapping data that led to multiple entries for a given piece of information.
  • She muttered inaudibly, miserable for the rest of the day as she brooded on that dark piece of information.
  • Finding out how bocaccios move is a critical piece of information in establishing marine reserves to protect them.
  • I am writing to enquire about a piece of information that sounds to me like an urban legend.
  • However, when we take social networking online, we lose this vital piece of information and categorization.

piece of music

any musical work, including musical compositions, traditional works, improvised music, pop songs, etc. - tác phẩm âm nhạc

Ví dụ:

  • Never has such a beautiful piece of music been played on the electric guitar.
  • People seem to be latching on to the idea that if they own a piece of music in one format, they have a right to duplicate it in another.
  • Now I don't think a composer who is actually writing a piece of music should be conscious of self-expression.
  • The creative part was turning this menagerie into a new piece of music without using anything other than those sounds.
  • And in a classroom on one of the floors of the high school, musicians are sight-reading a piece of music.

piece of paper

one sheet or scrap of paper - mẫu giấy

Ví dụ:

  • One of the most infamous of these illustrations shows the draughtsman using a sight to locate his subject on a piece of paper.
  • Becky was sitting in one of the pews nervously folding and unfolding a piece of paper, which was her speech.
  • I held my breath as I opened the envelope and unfolded the piece of paper in it.
  • The most important aspect is to have the person write on an unlined piece of paper, allowing the writer to create her own space and lines.
  • Those tested have their hand wiped with a piece of paper, then placed under an electronic drug sniffer.

place an order

put in an order to buy something - đặt hàng

Ví dụ:

  • Some e-tailers have a nasty habit of taking your money as soon as you place an order, then not dispatching the goods for several months.
  • Each kiosk allows a customer to place an order directly with the kitchen, using a touchscreen with pictures of food, English or Spanish text and verbal prompts.
  • A farmer could place an order for a new tractor part by text message and pay for it by mobile money-transfer.
  • Place an order with your local cheesemonger or somewhere that does mail order.
  • Do not fail to place an order for them with your newsdealer.

play a part

perform a particular role, or be involved in a particular way - góp phần

Ví dụ:

  • The wide man did play a part in the build-up when the deadlock was broken in the 33rd minute.
  • Any effects of rhino horn are almost certainly placebo effects, of which scarcity, improbability, and high cost play a part.
  • A fair process requires publicity about the reasons and rationales that play a part in decisions.
  • A fiber-rich diet may also play a part in lowering your risk of colon and rectal cancer.
  • It can play a part in locating old mines by detecting voids and fractures and profiling old workings within the seam.

play music

to make music with an instrument, or to broadcast recorded music - chơi nhạc

Ví dụ:

  • While I was in the coma, the doctors told Jim and my family, who'd flown over, to keep talking to me and play music.
  • It seems the car park has become something of a focal point for young people to meet and play music from car stereos.
  • You only have to listen to them play music and perform to see how good they are.
  • We formed a commune, to share our wallets, share our tools, share our ideas, share our love, play music.
  • The pictures will speak, play music or produce sound effects when a potential customer passes.

point of view

a particular perspective or way of seeing things – quan điểm

Ví dụ:

  • Usually crystallization takes place too late from the point of view of the floating chargee.
  • Examined from the learner's point of view, the standard approach is heavily biased against beginning students.
  • Which might seem reasonable to some, but from my point of view it may as well be taking place on Mars.
  • It is bad medicine from the community's point of view, because it adds increasing costs.
  • Well chapter 7 is done, and with it the first real action in the story so far, from my point of view at least.

poor eyesight

not very good eyesight - thị lực kém

Ví dụ:

  • Ford himself had been rejected by the navy during World War I for his poor eyesight.
  • In addition, many children suffer from poor eyesight, cuts and perforations on their hands and twisted fingers.
  • Traffic police have criticised motorists who risk lives by driving with poor eyesight.
  • They suffer malnutrition, poor eyesight, bone deformation and respiratory diseases.
  • This makes it easy for people with poor eyesight to enlarge the fonts on a page to make the site more readable.

poor health

not very good health - sức khỏe kém

Ví dụ:

  • If poverty leads to lead exposure, and lead abets crime and poor health, then lead can be said to nudge indigent people toward crimes.
  • The salt pan workers are exploited and often suffer from poor health but get no protection since it is an unorganised industry.
  • It is demonstrable, for that matter, that poverty and poor health go together.
  • Despite his poor health, the pontiff has a busy agenda, with regular public appearances and private audiences.
  • Working from dawn until dark can become the breeding ground toward poor health in both mind and body.

popular belief

an idea that most people believe is true - điều mà nhiều người tin

Ví dụ:

  • Contrary to popular belief, there will not be a mass exodus of age and experience.
  • Contrary to popular belief, the adverts will not feature a blaring soundtrack or other audio.
  • And this crisis provides a useful reminder that, contrary to popular belief, our media are often not nearly as troublemaking as they should be.
  • Contrary to popular belief, simply bringing up suicide will not put the idea in their head.
  • She is a portrait painter and, contrary to popular belief, this is not a dead art.

pose a threat

create the threat of danger or harm - đe dọa

Ví dụ:

  • Confined within proper bounds, such measures need not pose a threat to civil liberties in general or to academic freedom in particular.
  • But nearby residents claim that extra traffic generated would pose a threat to safety.
  • The conflicts in both areas now pose a threat to burgeoning American economic and strategic interests in the region.
  • If members of the Gardai are of the opinion that a person does not pose a threat, then we would accept that.
  • I am not criminal, I do not pose a threat to the nation and I resent being treated like I am because I like to smoke ganja.

pretty good

quite good or fairly good - khá tốt

Ví dụ:

  • We have spent quite a lot of time and money on decorating the ground floor and the upstairs was in pretty good condition.
  • Andrew's had great fun from a remote control car, one that flips, spins, and does a pretty good impression of break-dancing.
  • On a nice breezy day in the Canyon, it could feel pretty good to feel clammy, so cotton would be a wise move.
  • Hotels in the area are pretty good value and are nearly all new builds but are nevertheless in keeping with the local rustic style.
  • I can easily see anything in the distance, and I have pretty good night vision.

pretty well

fairly well or reasonably well - tốt

Ví dụ:

  • Now, if I'd managed to make any headway in checking the proofs of my book, my day would have been pretty well perfect.
  • The apprentice turners and fitters, although moved around, were kept pretty well to their trade.
  • For about 12 quid, one can join this boat and get pretty well bladdered as the price includes as much beer as you can drink.
  • The odd pub sells mulled wine on tap, but generally it's expensive and of such poor quality that it's pretty well undrinkable.
  • He gave them the slip, and now he's pretty well hidden, because this laboratory is underground.

private life

aspects of someone's life that aren't related to work or other public roles - cuộc sống cá nhân

Ví dụ:

  • Why he was so severely afflicted with this nostalgie de la boue remains something of a mystery, like much else in his impenetrable private life.
  • His background may account for his reticence to expose his private life to public scrutiny.
  • What does it mean to have a professional life or a private life for that matter?
  • There were also more general mechanisms which brought private life under the public gaze.
  • It is not merely a question of blurring the lines between public and private life.

public opinion

the opinions of the majority of people in a society – ý kiến số đông

Ví dụ:

  • The creeping fear of what might happen next is influencing public opinion even in the American heartlands.
  • Yet however imperfect, however crude, they afford the historian's best access to even a rough estimate of public opinion of the period.
  • The master alchemist of election victories claims to have detected a sea change in public opinion.
  • Given the importance of public opinion, let us counter misinformation with a modicum of information.
  • For every fan there has been a critic and no player has polarised public opinion more.

put on weight

to become heavier or fatter, of a person or an animal - tăng cân

Ví dụ:

  • Sadly, she became deconditioned, put on weight, became progressively more inactive and remains painfully disabled years later.
  • Supposedly he managed to retain his agility as he put on weight, which should help him in pulling and getting out to block linebackers.
  • She did student stuff, put on weight, and was asked if she had really ever been an Olympic diver.
  • Robbie said that he would still be a drug user if the substances did not cause him to put on weight.
  • Because peanuts are packed with energy it's best not to overindulge in peanut butter unless you're trying to put on weight.

put out a fire

to stop a fire from burning - dập lửa

Ví dụ:

  • A quick-acting police officer managed to put out a fire after a petrol bomb was thrown through a shop window.
  • An elderly man died from inhaling poisonous fumes as he tried to put out a fire at his home.
  • They are designed to be used by trained staff in an attempt to put out a fire while waiting for the fire department to arrive.
  • It took fire fighters an hour to put out the fire.
  • The fire took a long time to put out.

put up prices

to increase prices: tăng giá

Ví dụ:

  • Of course I am not consulted by State-owned enterprises before they put up prices.
  • We haven't put up our prices for over three years.
  • They've all put up their prices, but none of the companies put up their workers' wages.
  • It is alleged companies conspired to put up the price of the antibiotic amoxycillin by up to 260 per cent.

put up wages

to increase wages - tăng lương

Ví dụ:

  • It's time the government put up the minimum wage.
  • When was the last time your company put up the wages they pay their workers?

put up your hand

to raise your arm if you want to say something, ask or answer a question, show you're present, etc. - giơ tay

Ví dụ:

  • If you think you know the answer, put up your hand.
  • Linda put up her hand when I called her name.
  • Don't yell out your questions, kids—put up your hands!
  • I do put up my hand in class, Mom, but the teacher never calls on me!
  • Everyone who wants to come, put up your hands now.

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