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"Tất tần tật" từ vựng Academic bắt đầu bằng P nên học trong tiếng anh

· Academic words

Hôm nay, IELTS TUTOR sẽ chia sẻ thêm về các từ vựng Academic bắt đầu bằng chữ P nên học trong tiếng anh cho các bạn. Bên cạnh đó, các bạn có thể tham khảo thêm PHÂN BIỆT SỰ KHÁC NHAU VỀ CÁCH VIẾT MỞ BÀI (INTRODUCTION) VÀ KẾT LUẬN (CONCLUSION) TRONG IELTS WRITING TASK 2 mà IELTS TUTOR đã chia sẻ từ trước.

PACE

Rate of movement or change, walk steadily or to and fro, do something at a controlled and steady rate - bước nhịp, tốc độ

Ví dụ:

  • We have to keep pace with the changing times.
  • It was first published a century ago and what amazes people most is that (it) keeps pace with the development of the country without leaving out references to our history and tradition.
  • At the other end, even though mistakes began to creep in, there was enough pace and verve to gee the crowd up if not break through.
 

PARTIALLY

not completely - không hoàn chỉnh

Ví dụ:

  • Building a parking area outside the city centre would partially solve this problem.
  • While the struts appear to partially compensate for the under sizing of the joists, the king-post trusses are more difficult to rationalize.
  • Finally, carbon dioxide builds up in the lungs and in the blood stream and the cramps partially subside.
  • You can make your own weights by filling old socks with beans or by partially filling a half-gallon milk jug with water or sand.

PASSION

when you like something very much – đam mê, cảm xúc mạnh mẽ

Ví dụ:

  • I always had a passion for writing and for 3 years I wrote many articles in my school magazine.
  • We took solace in the fact that, above all else, music was his passion and that we could take his mind off his disease while we played.
  • Gilman was a man of extraordinary taste with an abounding passion for dance.
  • Their deaths are spectacles of passivity in the face of an avenging passion that is beyond their emotional range.
  • Fine, you stick to your mall rock and corporate emo, but we'll know where the passion and the fury really is.

PERCEIVE

to come to an opinion about something, or have a belief about something - hiểu được, nhận thấy

Ví dụ:

  • The British are often perceived as being very formal.
  • However, travelling with parents or other family members is generally perceived as less exciting and interesting than travelling with friends.
  • Stop embracing what you perceive to be adulthood so readily and let the inner child free for once.
  • I perceive there is yet good hopes of peace with Guyland, which is of great concernment to Tangier.
  • What you are able to perceive of the physical world is actually very fragmentary.

PERFECTION

when someone or something is perfect - sự hoàn hảo

Ví dụ:

  • Moreover, he is hard-working and always strives for perfection.
  • She strives for perfection in everything she does.
  • Chicken legs cooked to perfection.
  • The medical device industry cannot deliver anything close to perfection unless it expects failure.
  • I can multitask and perform the gruelling art of time management to perfection.

PERK

an advantage or something extra, such as money or goods, that you are given because of your job - lợi thế, quyền lợi

Ví dụ:

  • Free child care for preschool children of employees was a popular perk.
  • The economy nowadays is so technologically driven it is common belief that having a job in the computer industry means high pay and perks.
  • Hackman and Patrick Swayze, however, perk things up past the point of scant bearability.
  • He relinquished this perk as he himself prefers to live with his large family in a shack in the location.
  • Their large internet pipes are a valuable perk they can share with their employees.

PERMIT

to make something possible – (sự) cho phép

Ví dụ:

  • The match starts at 3 pm, weather permitting.
  • In my mind there is little to improve in this programme except increasing the [amount] of family accommodation and - budget permitting - the occasions for weekend trips.
  • You need a permit to park your car here.
  • I am able to start as soon as possible and due to my grandfather being Italian also have dual nationality, which means that I don't even need a work permit.

PERSPECTIVE

the way you think about something - viễn cảnh, triển vọng

Ví dụ:

  • Being unemployed has made me see things from a different perspective.
  • We have performed a class survey and interviewed Fordham residents, who see this issue from a different perspective.
  • This narrowness of perspective tends to significantly limit clinical psychology's scope of research and practice.
  • Seen from a transatlantic perspective Britain is deeply mired into European affairs.

PERSUASIVE

able to make people agree to do something - tính thuyết phục

Ví dụ:

  • It's a very persuasive argument.
  • The presentation and the enthusiasm of the representatives was very persuasive and appealing.
  • However, Josie's forked tongue flickers into persuasive mode and eventually convinces Tasha to keep schtum.
  • He gave a number of arguments to support this claim, the most persuasive being the camera obscura, or pinhole camera.

PHENOMENON

something that exists or happens, usually something unusual - hiện tượng phi thường

Ví dụ:

  • Storms, lightning, and other natural phenomena.
  • Road rage seems to be a fairly recent phenomenon.
  • An unexpected phenomenon that someone called "drunkenness tourism" has appeared in the Mediterranean villages and towns.
  • The effect on seedling germination is a well-known phenomenon in allelopathy.
  • Casual misandry is a phenomenon where unfounded negative claims are made about men as a group, or men as a group are insulted.

PLUNGE

Temperatures plunged below zero – lao xuống, đâm vào

Ví dụ:

  • Temperatures plunged below zero.
  • Five years later the German trend plunged and the Spanish followed, both reaching marks of 1.3 and 1.2 average children per family respectively.
  • The rocks are deformed into kilometre-scale monoclinal folds, the axes of which plunge moderately to steeply north northwest.
  • It's cognitive distortions or faulty thought patterns that often plunge us into black moods.

POINTLESS

Something that is pointless has no purpose - vô nghĩa

Ví dụ:

  • It would be pointless to argue with him.
  • Moreover, people who meet through e-mails and chatrooms can confirm that talking or sending messages to someone you can't see is pointless and boring.
  • We know that is pointless to stir a desire for free flight in people if they can't then find instructors to teach them.
  • Now, I've no specific objection to one's needy compulsion to share mundane personal blather but, for myself, I find it pointless and distracting.
  • The whole show was cringingly off the mark and much of the time was just plain boring and pointless.

POPULATE

If an area is populated by people or animals, they live in that area - cư trú, đưa dân đến

Ví dụ:

  • The countryside is densely/sparsely populated.
  • The forest was populated by rare and colourful birds.
  • Hong Kong is a densely populated city.
  • Within America itself, strong female characters emerge from and repudiate the caricatures of womanhood that populate the narrative.
  • Several groups from Asia migrated across Beringia to enter and populate North America.

PORTABLE

able to be carried – di động, xách tay

Ví dụ:

  • Laptops are indeed a portable office.
  • Already with portable electric fencing we will be kraaling the cattle overnight on the croplands to improve fertility of the lands.
  • In any case, a healthy demand for small, portable handguns caused important advances in pocket pistol design.
  • All children passed a standard audiometric screening, using a portable audiometer.
  • With your free portable audio-guide, you will learn about the amazing 20,000 objects made or used in the county.

POSE

to cause a problem/ stay in a particular position so that someone can paint or photograph you - đưa ra vấn đề/ luận điểm, đứng yên tư thế.

Ví dụ:

  • The two leaders posed for photographs outside the White House.
  • The tourists are allowed to touch the seals, and the seals are willing to pose for the photographs.
  • A lot of these chemicals pose very real threats to our health.
  • I hope everyone agrees with me that the new types of communication do not pose a threat to face-to-face communication, but probably reinforce it.

POSSESS

to have or own something - chiếm/ sở hữu

Ví dụ:

  • He was found guilty of possessing an illegal weapon.
  • She was lucky to possess a single nice-looking long dress for special occasions, so there was no point in wasting time choosing the appropriate dress.
  • Yet they possess a rare spirit which allows them to grasp life by the scruff of its neck and cope with whatever it throws in the face.
  • Some of them possess the skills of astute politicians, and others have mastered the art of the political game.

PRECISELY

used to agree with what someone else says - đúng

Ví dụ:

  • "It's not the shape I dislike, it's the colour." - "Precisely!"
  • The Roman state was false and anti-Christian precisely because it wanted to be the totality of human capacity.
  • But what is impressive is the way that their dialogue, often callow and maladroit, is callow and maladroit in precisely the right way.
  • These are precisely the sentiments now being echoed throughout Democratic circles.

PREDATOR

an animal that kills and eats other animals - thú ăn thịt

Ví dụ:

  • These animals have remarkably few predators.
  • Ferocious animals, such as tigers, lions and snakes (anacondas) can be seen in these areas, but for those who are not used to forests, these predators may only become visible once they are attacked.
  • We know the first animal to have an eye was a trilobite that was a predator as well.
  • When threatened, the octopus can squirt out ink as a decoy to distract its predator and allowing the octopus to escape.

PREJUDICED

feeling dislike for a group of people or treating them unfairly because they are a different race, sex, religion, etc. - thành kiến

Ví dụ:

  • Are the police prejudiced against black people?
  • Men have been very prejudiced against women in this sector, so it has been hard to prove the opposite.
  • Demeaning, degrading, bigoted, and prejudiced ideas and behaviours are fought every day around the world.
  • The government would have kept the reason for termination secret, in case any prejudiced interest group or God-botherer complained.
  • More generally, various dimensions of prejudice matter to understanding both prejudiced attitudes and discriminatory behavior.

PRELIMINARY

done or happening in order to prepare for the main event or activity - mở đầu, chuẩn bị

Ví dụ:

  • Picasso would start with a lot of preliminary sketches and then go on to paint his final picture, where the main figures - a woman and a horse - are screaming in despair.
  • Its path-breaking preliminary report is currently being updated on the basis of 80-plus sessions for youth, parents and teachers.
  • The preliminary hardware suite consists of a microcontroller, a pump, a motor-control subsystem, and a limited user interface.
  • Putting together preliminary notes for his dramatis personae, Trollope jotted down the following thumbnail sketches.
  • It is to be supplied with a summary of the case and the preliminary draft decision, on which it delivers an opinion.

PREMISES

the land and buildings owned by someone, especially by a company or organization - quyền sở hữu

Ví dụ:

  • The company is moving to new premises.
  • The ice cream is made on the premises.
  • The security guards escorted the protesters off the premises.
  • The staff will have more space to work in as our local branch is moving to larger premises, and better work conditions will be provided to them.
  • In December, 18 out of 22 premises sold beer, strong cider, lager and alcopops to two 15-year-old boys.

PRESERVATION

when you keep something the same or prevent it from being damaged or destroyed - bảo quản

Ví dụ:

  • I was asked to investigate the current situation in my area, concerning the efforts to cut down on the use of energy and natural resources, in order to contribute to the preservation of the environment.
  • As each year passes common sense and self preservation consume the reckless daring that has overwhelmed my life so far.
  • It consists of isolated upper and lower premolars and molars as well as upper and lower dental series with good preservation.
  • Above, the ancient door of massive timber in good preservation, being wide open, I walked in.
  • He referred to a report which raised questions about record-keeping and the preservation of medical records by health authorities.

PRESTIGIOUS

respected and admired, usually because of being important – có uy tín

Ví dụ:

  • The jobs that were prestigious in the past seem to be the opposite now.
  • His parents have relocated to Los Angeles from back east, where Morgan got into some kind of trouble at his prestigious prep school.
  • Televised music usually consisted of a studio concert or a relay of a prestigious public concert.
  • Nevertheless, it is very prestigious, and is often awarded to eminent people in the sciences and arts.
  • This is a disgraceful, shameful attack on a student's freedom of speech at such a prestigious institution.

PRESUME

to believe something to be true because it is very likely, although you are not certain - cho rằng, đoán chừng

Ví dụ:

  • I presume (that) they're not coming, since they haven't replied to the invitation.
  • You are Dr Smith, I presume?
  • "Are we walking to the hotel?" "I presume not/so."
  • The universe is presumed to contain many other planets with some form of life.
  • I presume the students are keen on doing some exercise or even competitive sports.

PRICELESS

very important or useful - vô giá, quan trọng

Ví dụ:

  • A trip round the world is a priceless opportunity.
  • It would be sad if not unfair for my friend to miss this unique and priceless opportunity.
  • In June last year a gang foiled high-tech security and made off with a haul of priceless antiques.
  • It is the foundation of our priceless civil peace, which is the envy and wonder of the world.
  • The history of cinema is littered with priceless pearls of wisdom delivered by eccentric movie producers.

PRIVILEGED

an advantage that only one person or group has, usually because of their position or because they are rich/ an opportunity to do something special or enjoyable - đặc quyền

Ví dụ:

  • She was born into a life of privilege.
  • There are only a few things that have been worrying me a bit: firstly I would like to enjoy the privilege of having my own parking place.
  • I had the privilege of meeting the Queen.
  • As an ambassador, she enjoys a very privileged status.
  • Today we are so privileged, life has become so easy in many ways.

PROBLEMATIC

full of problems or difficulties - nhiều vấn đề

Ví dụ:

  • He has a very problematic relationship with his father.
  • On the other hand, there were some problematic issues.
  • The problematic nature of these terms has been discussed at length elsewhere.
  • The whole tektite subject has been problematic for generations, and the Australites nicely capture and expand this theme.
  • Whether the combination would work on hardened criminals is problematic, but much depends on how the two techniques are used.

PROCEED

to continue to happen - tiếp tục làm

Ví dụ:

  • His lawyers have decided not to proceed with the case.
  • I am not sure which is the best way to proceed with this problem.
  • On the ground they proceed in frog-like hops, or occasionally walk on all fours.
  • For obedience training to proceed smoothly, your dog must consider you its alpha leader.
  • Instead of aloha from Hawaii, Spruce is greeted in the Arctic by angry mosquitoes that proceed to hospitalize him.

PROGRESSION

when something or someone changes to the next stage of development - sự phát triển

Ví dụ:

  • Drugs can stop the progression of the disease.
  • Sharing information between people is a crucial point of peoples' education and it can help in their career progression.
  • Another way of obtaining this result is to differentiate both sides of the formula for the sum of a geometric progression.
  • They show his progression in the creative linocut process and the uniqueness of each incarnation of the proof.
  • The dome-shaped shade displays apples and grapes arranged in a progression of color as the fruits appear to ripen with the seasons.

PROLONG

to make something last longer - kéo dài, gia hạn

Ví dụ:

  • Eating a good diet can prolong your life.
  • However, nobody expects the strike to be prolonged for more than a week.
  • In this brave-new-world of e-mails and cheap telephone calls, holiday romances are much easier to prolong.
  • But the rain lashing down did not dampen their spirits as they went in search of a goal to prolong their World Cup dream.
  • The heady aftertaste lingered just long enough for me to order another one to prolong the experience.

PROMINENT

important or famous - đáng chú ý, lỗi lạc

Ví dụ:

  • It starts with two very important works of Albrecht Durer, one of the most prominent painters of his time, not only in Germany.
  • Lincoln's approach to popular sovereignty contrasts with that of another prominent Republican, William H. Seward.
  • It is also prominent on the Baltic and North Sea coasts, but decreases further south.
  • The most prominent case, the 2006 Cash for Honours scandal, saw a police investigation, with no charges being brought.
  • Nine of Cameron's ministers, including several prominent members, were sacked or resigned from their posts.

PROMISING

likely to be very good or successful in the future - hứa hẹn, đầy triển vọng

Ví dụ:

  • Once a promising football player starts his career he becomes an attractive "thing" to sponsors and football clubs.
  • Tilton is barnstorming the country, outlining his proposal in speeches, interviews and employee meetings, and touting some promising statistics.
  • It's time to dig out the sun cream and aftersun now, the forecasters are promising a heat wave this weekend.
  • Their willingness to sign the interim constitution is a promising indication of a readiness to compromise for the sake of the country.
  • Although I haven't yet found somewhere worthy of an offer, I did manage to view a few promising properties.

PROMOTE

to encourage something to happen or develop - thăng tiến, đề bạt

Ví dụ:

  • It has long been known that regular exercise promotes all-round good health.
  • Greenpeace works to promote awareness of the dangers that threaten our planet today.
  • A notable exception is the advertising of so-called "slow-food" restaurants, which promote a healthy lifestyle.
  • The principle aim is to promote outdoor activities and social camaraderie for retired people.
  • About 200 people screamed this chant, joined hands and attempted to promote unity on campus yesterday outside Willard Building.

PROSPECTIVE

Prospective buyers, employers, parents, etc., are not yet buyers, employers, parents, etc., but are expected to be in the future. - thuộc về tương lai

Ví dụ:

  • We hold an open day for prospective students.
  • The page is useful for prospective students as well as for people who are already studying and plan to go abroad.
  • Council discussed the prospective sales during budget deliberations this month.
  • Rank shares are priced at 290p, a valuation of 12 times prospective earnings for this year.
  • In another scene a troupe of prospective gasmen were led up a mountain through the driving rain to an isolated farmhouse.

PROSPERITY

when a person or group of people is successful, usually by earning a lot of money - sự thịnh vượng, sự phồn vinh

Ví dụ:

  • Our nation's prosperity comes from oil.
  • It is a typical tradition and the rice means prosperity for the couple.
  • Is that a situation, too, where the relative prosperity is more apparent than real?
  • British painting enjoyed a boom in the early nineteenth century, in response to growing middle-class prosperity and leisure.
  • Until he came to his senses and realized that leftist ideals were not incompatible with pragmatism and general prosperity.

PROVISION

when something is provided - điều khoản, sự trữ sẵn/ dự phòng

Ví dụ:

  • The provision of good public transport will be essential for developing the area.
  • Of course there's provision in the plan for population increase.
  • When designing buildings in this area, you have to make provision against earthquakes.
  • Following serious complaints from students, I have read through the three proposals given to me regarding provision of food in the institute.
  • In his opinion, Rio Tinto has not addressed this provision of the comprehensive sanctions against Iran.

PUZZLE

to make someone confused because they do not understand something - làm bối rối

Ví dụ:

  • I was puzzled by what he said.
  • Dear Fiona, I was really touched by your concern regarding our daily life at the moment but I was also quite puzzled.
  • Pop-up ads disguised as Windows system administration alerts annoy users and puzzle security experts.
  • You get a special hug if you guess who masters his fears and helps solve the puzzle.

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