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Tất tần tật" từ vựng Academic bắt đầu bằng R nên học trong tiếng anh

· Academic words

Hôm nay, IELTS TUTOR sẽ chia sẻ thêm về các từ vựng Academic bắt đầu bằng chữ R nên học trong tiếng anh cho các bạn. Bên cạnh đó, các bạn có thể tham khảo thêm Sửa chi tiết 2 lần Câu hỏi Part 1 IELTS SPEAKING: ​Do you work or are you a student? mà IELTS TUTOR đã chia sẻ từ trước.

RADICAL

A radical change is very big and important – thay đổi lớn/ cái gốc

Ví dụ:

  • Readers may not even notice some of the more radical elements like word balloons that get cut off by the panel borders.
  • The theater group offered an even more radical reinterpretation of Samson et Dalila.
  • Phenomenology involves a radical change in all such positings of real existence.
  • A radiographic evaluation is not indicated unless radical treatment is being contemplated.
  • Have you ever wondered if tourism can bring radical changes in an area?

RATIONAL

showing clear thought and reason - dựa trên lý trí

Ví dụ:

  • He was too upset to be rational.
  • Be as rational as you can and you will pass your driving test the first time.
  • In my analysis of this tripartite division I shall identify the rational soul with the ego, or self-obsessed reactive mind of Buddhism.
  • It comes from a perfectly rational conviction that great powers never act out of pure altruism.
  • With consciousness come moral beliefs, rational arguments and self-awareness.

READINESS

when someone is willing to do something - sẵn lòng, thiện chí

Ví dụ:

  • They expressed a readiness to accept our demands.
  • Usually, the clients appreciate his readiness to use their language and this has often been a significant factor in closing a deal.
  • Serious questions remain as to the readiness, willingness and fitness to lead of those in main contention.
  • Nor did the Chinese leadership indicate a readiness to open talks with the President.

REAR

the back part of something - bộ phận đằng sau

Ví dụ:

  • First class accommodation is towards the rear of the train.
  • We walked round to the rear of the house
  • The damage seems to be at the rear of the fridge where the motor is situated.
  • If you rear children or young animals, you care for them until they are adults.
  • In these waters they breed and rear their young.

REASSURE

to say something to stop someone from worrying – cam đoan

Ví dụ:

  • He reassured me that I would be paid soon.
  • Making my own decisions gives me much stress because I am always so scared of the results and I need to be reassured that I am doing the right thing all the time.
  • In my 31 years of frequent flying I've had to reassure many nervous, first time fliers that every noise and movement of the plane was normal.
  • Posting camper pictures is a great way to reassure parents without intruding on the camper's experience.

REBELLIOUS

refusing to obey rules because you do not like authority - chống đối

Ví dụ:

  • "It was impossible for me to become submissive - I must have been rebellious from my very birth", she recalls.
  • Like the label itself, the music is often raw, uncompromising, rebellious, and experimental.
  • And if you file this under, I don't know, rebellious against authority or something, well, it is, yes.
  • There will always be rebellious elements, challenging authority, pushing it as far as it can be pushed.

RECHARGE

to fill a battery with electricity so that it can work again - nạp pin lại

Ví dụ:

  • You can recharge these batteries.
  • After buying your mobile phone, it is important to know that it can't be used for an unlimited time. It will have to be recharged and, in the end, it will let you down when most needed.
  • I bought it about 7 years ago, and I still use it to recharge all my alkaline batteries.
  • When you recharge a NiCad battery before it is completely drained, the longevity of the battery is compromised.
  • Percolation pits dug along the lengths of the bunds would facilitate recharge of groundwater aquifers.

RECONSIDER

to think again about a decision or opinion and decide if you want to change it - cân nhắc lại

Ví dụ:

  • We've been asked to reconsider the proposal.
  • We invite your newspaper to reconsider its position, hoping that the council will think about our proposals.
  • I think the Home Office should seriously reconsider his urgent plea for asylum forthwith.
  • Birthday celebrations are useful opportunities to repair these kind of gaps, to explore neglected corners, or even to reconsider the familiar.
  • If you don't want to reveal your salary or your expensive habits then now is the time to reconsider.

RECTIFY

to correct something or change it so that it is acceptable - chỉnh sửa

Ví dụ:

  • The government has promised to rectify the situation.
  • I also hope as far as the article is concerned that you will kindly rectify the defamatory information revealed in the statement.
  • To rectify this it is being proposed that the main street of the town become a one way system.
  • Mr Diamond has been in contact with numerous council representatives in an effort to rectify the situation, to no avail.
  • Do you believe that constitutional reform is needed to rectify the situation?

REFER

If writing or information refers to someone or something, it relates to that person or thing - tham khảo, dựa vào

Ví dụ:

  • The sales figures refer to UK sales only.
  • Ancient Greece was divided into two groups. The contrast between those two groups was getting bigger and bigger and it ended up as a destructive war - destructive doesn't refer only to deaths and city damage but also to the corruption of morals.
  • How can doctors refer patients for treatment without examining them first?
  • Please refer to section 2, paragraph 4 for the appropriate information.
  • I refer to the state of our divisions and alienations of spirit on account of religion.

REFLECT

to think in a serious and careful way - suy ngẫm

Ví dụ:

  • In prison, he had plenty of time to reflect on the crimes he had committed.
  • I need some time to reflect.
  • As I mentioned, there were several points which you can reflect on.
  • This may reflect differences in forest ecology or between monkeys, but it does suggest caution about generalising from over simple models.
  • So just different labels which reflect some social and cultural sensitivities and specific features.

REFRESH

to make you feel less hot or tired - giải khách, làm cho tỉnh táo

Ví dụ:

  • A cool drink should refresh you.
  • The bar is open from 7 a.m. to 11 p.m. When you are in my house, refresh yourself, help yourself from the fridge, feel at your ease, and then call me by phone.
  • Old furniture can be refreshed with a coat of paint.
  • Wait a minute - I need to refresh my memory on this.
  • The magazine is totally up-to-date with extreme question papers in which the reader has the opportunity to test or refresh his/her knowledge

REHEARSE

to practise a play, dance, etc. in order to prepare for a performance - diễn tập

Ví dụ:

  • We usually rehearse on Wednesdays.
  • I can't count how many nights I spent studying and studying for difficult exams, rehearsing for presentations and so on.
  • When I can mentally rehearse the one-word list in two minutes or less, I fill-in the other seven-letter words in the story.
  • Many studies have shown that elite athletes who mentally rehearse their performance perform better than those who don't.

REINFORCE

to make an existing opinion, feeling or idea stronger - củng cố

Ví dụ:

  • His behaviour merely reinforced my dislike of him.
  • The first unfavourable impression was reinforced the moment we arrived at the hotel.
  • Does misogyny differ from misandry? Do good women counterbalance or reinforce the misogyny of negative examples?
  • It will reinforce the idea behind the endosymbiotic theory which is suggested as the basis for the formation of eukaryotic cells.
  • The secession of the southern states of America in the spring of 1861 did not reinforce the arguments of the federalists.

RELATE

to be connected to, or to be about someone or something/ understand how someone feels - liên kết, thuật lại

Ví dụ:

  • Please provide all information relating to the claim.
  • And, finally, relating to your concern about the costs of the changes, we think that opening the Centre to the public would surely provide the required funds without having to impose a fee on the students, which would probably result in a radical decrease of their use of the facilities.
  • Most teenagers find it hard to relate to their parents.
  • A soap opera should always be dramatic and not produced too "polished" or "clean" because then people would see it more as a movie, and people never relate as much to a character in a movie as they do to a character played by a good, down-to-earth actor who is apparently struggling as much as everybody else.

RELEASE

to let the public have news or information/ let a substance flow out from somewhere/ when someone is allowed to leave prison, etc. - thả, phát hành

Ví dụ:

  • Police have not released the dead woman's name.
  • The minister has released a statement explaining the reasons for his resignation.
  • Dangerous chemicals were accidentally released into the river.
  • The gases released encourage the greenhouse effect, and it is possible to see a heavy smog floating over the city on some winter days.
  • Her early release from prison led to a demonstration.
  • In such a way we can minimize the impact of the deadly release of radio-active materials.

RELOCATE

to move to another place - di chuyển tới

Ví dụ:

  • The company relocated to Tokyo.
  • Well, as you know I was looking for a new job and for that reason I had to relocate to London in November.
  • Our factory had to relocate and we were handed discharge letters in no time.
  • The relocation will not cause him undue hardship and nor is it unreasonable to expect him to relocate.
  • Ironically it was the French who put strong pressure on the Acadians to relocate to French territory.

RELUCTANT

not wanting to do something - miễn cưỡng

Ví dụ:

  • Many victims of crime are reluctant to go to the police.
  • However, Spanish husbands are very reluctant to share the housework.
  • It should not be concluded from this that Norman and Plantagenet kings were reluctant to see the orbit of their influence enlarged.
  • Despite eight miserable years in opposition the party still seems reluctant to take this lesson on board.
  • Traditionally, stockbrokers have been reluctant to offer clients products designed for falling markets.

RENDER

to give someone a decision, opinion, help, etc - dâng ý kiến

Ví dụ:

  • Finally, the students have only a 5% discount for the services rendered by the arts centre in contrast to the fact that we agreed initially that a 10% discount would be more adequate.
  • If powers are precisely rather than permissively formulated, procedures to render visible occasions of use are constructed.
  • That could cause bits of information to disappear or become scrambled in transmission, and render the chip useless.
  • And no matter how compelling the evidence, most of these juries would not render a guilty verdict.
  • The judge will likely render a verdict between a few months and a year from now.

REPETITIVE

doing or saying the same thing several times, especially in a way that is boring - lặp lại

Ví dụ:

  • This is the beginning of a sentence when it starts to be little bit boring and extremely repetitive!
  • In some cases, there may not be a specific injury, but the meniscus can tear due to repetitive loads and chronic degeneration.
  • Low-intensity warfare of this kind does not bring quick results and much of the work is low-key, repetitive and painstaking.
  • It would be an abuse of the judicial process to allow proceedings to be repetitive.
  • One could only watch so much of well-endowed women in bathing suits running before it started to get kind of boring and repetitive.

REPRODUCE

to make a copy of something/ repeat something so that it is the same as before - tái sản xuất, mọc lại

Ví dụ:

  • The diagram is reproduced by permission of the original author.
  • MI5 operates two computers, one for word processing and another for scanning and reproducing
  • prints, drawings and photos.
  • The new design unfortunately reproduced some of the problems of the earlier model.
  • We were unable to reproduce the results of our earlier research.
  • I overcame this by listening to tapes and by trying to reproduce the native speaker's sounds and
  • stresses.

RESIST

to fight against something or someone that is attacking you - kháng cự

Ví dụ:

  • British troops resisted the attack for two days.
  • The Turkish civilization was poorer than the Greek civilisation and that is one more reason why the Greeks had to resist and fight their enemies.
  • The Danes now controlled East Anglia, Northumbria and Mercia, with only Wessex continuing to resist.
  • It behooves every man who values liberty of conscience for himself, to resist invasions of it in the case of others.
  • Do we blame the wanton schoolboy, with a pebble in his hand, all powerless to resist the alluring vastness of a barndoor?

RESOLVE

to solve or end a problem or difficulty - giải quyết

Ví dụ:

  • The student committee greatly appreciate your efforts to resolve our current problems, in particular improving and reconstructing our sports centre.
  • Very few of us have that firm resolve in ourselves to do what we are really passionate about.
  • And we fulfill our new role with a steely inner resolve regardless of what others may think.
  • I was disappointed that our elected representative was so antagonistic to councillors who were working hard to resolve the dispute.
  • This method was used to resolve the monoanion spectra in a range of solvent-water mixtures.

RESPECTIVE

relating to each of the people or things that you have just talked about - riêng từng cái, tương ứng

Ví dụ:

  • Relatives and friends of the respective families were very successful in being guides for some hours.
  • In particular, BBC Radio 1's Bethan and Huw and BBC Radio Wales's Adam Walton support new Welsh music at their respective stations.
  • Each film in the series also had special extended editions released on DVD a year after their respective theatrical releases.
  • Each of these organisations is responsible for running their respective regional leagues.

RESPECTFUL

showing respect for someone or something - lễ phép, kính cẩn

Ví dụ:

  • They treated us in a very respectful manner.
  • Were I not respectful of your work, I would say that your reporter did not attend this event and just imagined it.
  • There was a respectful pause as the Senior Prayer Officer waited for the Almighty to give him his attention.
  • Even the irreverent Campbell was praised for the respectful tone with which he responded to Hutton's questions.
  • Chuck War stood and approached the podium to respectful applause from the Assembly.

RESTLESS

unable to be still or relax because you are bored or nervous - không nghỉ, không yên

Ví dụ:

  • At dawn the next morning I stood in my skivvies on the balcony of my room and surveyed the restless sea.
  • Moody and mordantly funny on the air, McEnroe has a restless mind that seems never to stop turning.
  • The painting gracefully combines the classical ideal of stability with Romanticism's restless play of unresolvable tensions.
  • The audience was getting restless.
  • The children that travel become very restless when they cannot see any movies or are not offered any games or any other entertainment from the staff.

RESTORE

to make something good exist again - sửa chữa, khôi phục lại

Ví dụ:

  • Three wins in a row helped restore the team's confidence.
  • Peace has now been restored in the region.
  • It would also restore our confidence in our paper if the correct version of events were printed, together with your statement of apology.
  • Negotiators are working to restore full diplomatic relations.
  • The new owners are trying to restore the company to its former glory.

RESTRAIN

to stop someone doing something, sometimes by using force - kiềm chế, cản trở

Ví dụ:

  • He became violent and had to be physically restrained.
  • I had to restrain myself from shouting at him.
  • Were the people aware of the variety of our social programme, they would have undoubtedly restrained themselves from belittling our college.
  • I only hope that I am able to restrain them before these unutterable terrors escape into the world at large.
  • We must concentrate on creating conditions to restrain militarism and military adventurism in the world.

RESTRICT

to limit something - hạn chế, giới hạn

Ví dụ:

  • They've brought in new laws to restrict the sale of cigarettes.
  • The government has restricted freedom of movement into and out of the country.
  • I restrict myself to one cup of coffee a day.
  • We must try to restrict the use of water in agriculture.

RESUME

If an activity resumes, or if you resume it, it starts again after a pause - lấy lại, tiếp tục lại

Ví dụ:

  • The talks are due to resume today.
  • Normal services will be resumed in the spring.
  • He stopped to take a sip of water and then resumed speaking.
  • I hope our two companies can resume their excellent cooperation in the future and I am looking forward to using one of your aircraft again.

REVERSE

to change a situation or change the order of things so that it becomes the opposite/ in the opposite order or way - ngược lại/ đảo lộn

Ví dụ:

  • Now that you have a job and I don't, our situations are reversed.
  • It is unlikely that the judge will reverse his decision.
  • Let's reverse the order - I'll give the first talk and you go second.
  • This trend should be reversed in the near future.
  • Do the same steps but this time in reverse.
  • They want to see what they are not like, how they would not react and this, in reverse, helps them to find themselves.

REWARDING

making you feel satisfied that you have done something well or done something helpful - xứng đáng

Ví dụ:

  • Teaching is hard work but it's very rewarding.
  • I led a workshop with children, which was a very rewarding experience, and performed for people of all ages and backgrounds.
  • Intellectual activity can be rewarding, as you are creative and quick on the uptake.
  • The serious xylophonist will find this work to be challenging, rewarding and a crowd pleaser.
  • It has been very rewarding for me to work collaboratively with people from around the state.

RIVAL

someone or something that is competing with another person or thing - đối địch

Ví dụ:

  • Around 60% of our international rivals had their stands there, usually with 2-3 staff members always kept busy by the public.
  • His birthplace is not known, though Aberdeenshire and Galloway have made rival claims.
  • According to William Kamkwamba, witches and wizards are afraid of money, which they consider a rival evil.
  • Thus, the creation of a rival institution represented a Tory response to reassert the educational values of The Establishment.
  • The readership was the financial community of the City of London, its only rival being the slightly older and more daring Financial News.

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