Giải thích phrasal verb: throw up

· Phrasal Verb

I. "throw up" vừa là phrasal verb ngoại động từ vừa là phrasal verb nội động từ

II. Cách dùng

1. Mang nghĩa"buồn nôn"

=When someone throws up, they vomit.

IELTS TUTOR lưu ý:

  • Với nghĩa này, throw up vừa là nội động từ, vừa là ngoại động từ 

IELTS TUTOR xét ví dụ:

  • She said she had thrown up after reading reports of the trial.
  • I spent all night throwing up. 
  • I feel terrible – I’ve been throwing up all night!
  • When I get seasick I throw up my food. (IELTS TUTOR giải thích: Khi bị say sóng tôi nôn ra cả thức ăn)
  • He threw up his breakfast all over the back seat of the car.
  • I still ate so much I had to throw up. (IELTS TUTOR giải thích: Tôi ăn nhiều đến độ tôi phải nôn ra)
  • Children tend to throw up after eating when they move too much. (IELTS TUTOR giải thích: Trẻ con rất dễ ói nếu chúng chạy nhảy nhiều ngay sau khi ăn)

2. Mang nghĩa"ném cái gì đó lên trời"

=If something throws up dust, stones, or water, when it moves or hits the ground, it causes them to rise up into the air/to cause something such as dust or water to rise into the air

IELTS TUTOR xét ví dụ:

  • If it had hit the Earth, it would have made a crater 100 miles across and thrown up an immense cloud of dust.
  • The car wheels threw up a shower of stones.
  • The referee is ready to throw up the ball and start play. (IELTS TUTOR giải thích: Trọng tài đã sẵn sàng ném quả bóng lên trời bắt đầu trận đấu)

3. Mang nghĩa"tạo thêm nhiều rắc rối"

=to produce something new or unexpected

IELTS TUTOR lưu ý:

  • Với nghĩa này, throw up là ngoại động từ 

IELTS TUTOR xét ví dụ:

  • This system has thrown up a few problems.

4. Mang nghĩa"bỏ việc"

=If you throw up your job, you choose to leave it or stop doing it/to suddenly leave something such as your job or your home

IELTS TUTOR xét ví dụ:

  • He's thrown up his job and gone off to Africa to work for a children's charity.
  • They threw up the whole city lifestyle.

5. Mang nghĩa"tạo ra nhiều ý tưởng/ một cái gì đó/ai đó ấn tượng"

=To throw up a particular person or thing means to produce them or cause them to become noticeable/to produce new problems or ideas

IELTS TUTOR xét ví dụ:

  • The political struggle threw up a strong leader.
  • The meeting threw up some interesting ideas. 
  • Our market research threw up a few key facts.
  • These studies have already thrown up some interesting results.

6. Mang nghĩa"xây dựng ẩu tả"

=If you say that a building or structure is thrown up, you mean that it is built or made very quickly, usually so that it is not of very good quality/to build something such as a house quickly and not very well

IELTS TUTOR xét ví dụ:

  • In the slums, dwellings are thrown up in any available space. 
  • Youths threw up barricades on the streets
  • A wall was hastily thrown up to provide some shelter.

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