· Idiom

Idiom là những câu/cụm từ được người bản xứ thường xuyên sử dụng trong giao tiếp hằng ngày. Nếu bạn đang có ý định thi IELTS hoặc muốn nâng cao khả năng giao tiếp bằng tiếng Anh thì nhất định không thể bỏ qua bài viết này. "Sự có mặt" của idiom trong bài giao tiếp (IELTS speaking) là một trong những tiêu chí giúp bạn đạt điểm cao. Dưới đây là danh sách những Idioms bắt đầu bằng chữ "P".

>> Các em nên nhớ một điều, 1/4 số điểm bài IELTS WRITING của các em sẽ bị quyết định bởi từ vựng mà các em dùng, các em nên tham khảo thêm về 4 tiêu chí chấm thi IELTS WRITING mà IELTS TUTOR đã giới thiệu tuần trước.

Pain in the Neck

Meaning: An especially irritating, aggravating, or obnoxious person, thing, or situation (một việc đáng ghét)

Example: This calculus homework is a pain in the neck. It's not that I don't understand it, it's just so tedious!

Pass the Buck

Meaning: To shift or reassign the blame or responsibility (for something) to another person, group, or thing. (đổ trách nhiệm cho ai/ nhóm)

Example: Politicians have two skills: making empty promises and then passing the buck when they fail to deliver on them.

Pass With Flying Colors

Meaning: To win, achieve, or accomplish something exceptionally well or very successfully (thành công ngài sức mong đợi)

Example: Samantha was rather nervous taking her final exam, but she passed with flying colours!

Passing Fancy

Meaning: Something that captures one's interest or enthusiasm for only a brief period of time (sự hứng thú nhất thời) 

Example: Jim was really into learning about horticulture for a while, but it turned out to be only a passing fancy.​

Pay Through the Nose (For Something)

Meaning: To pay an exorbitant amount of money (for something), especially more than is reasonable. (trả quá nhiều tiền không cần thiết)

Example: You can get pretty good meals on airplanes these days, but you're going to pay through the nose.

Pep Talk

Meaning: A speech given to encourage others (lời an ủi, động viên)

Example: The team was looking lethargic, but the coach gave them a pep talk at half time, and they came out with a lot of energy.

Pick Up the Slack

Meaning: To do an extra amount of work that someone else is unable or unwilling to do (làm thay phần người khác không làm được)

Example: I'm going to need you to pick up the slack around the house when the baby arrives, because I'm going to literally have my hands full.

Piece of Cake

Meaning: A very easy task or accomplishment (việc dễ làm)

Example: I thought I was going to fail the test, but it turned out to be a piece of cake!

Pissing Contest

Meaning: A useless or trivial argument, competition, or comparison (cuộc tranh cãi vô ích)

Example: Whenever Jeff and Tim hang out, they always get into this pissing contest about who's the bigger sci-fi fanatic.

Play Hardball (with one)

Meaning: To be ruthless, aggressive, or harsh (with one) in order to achieve a certain result, especially compared to previous, less aggressive tactics (trở nên gây gắt hơn để đạt được kết quả)

Example: I think it's time we play hardball with the suspect—he's not going to talk otherwise.

Play With Fire

Meaning: To do something that risks causing one harm, damage, or misfortune; to do something dangerous (làm việc nguy hiểm)

Example: Jen swears she's being safe when she experiments with drugs, but I think she's playing with fire.​

Point of No Return

Meaning: A point at which it is impossible to reverse one's actions or return to one's starting point (không còn đường quay lại)

Example: This is the point of no return. If we sign this agreement, we are committed for the long haul.

Point the Finger At (someone)

Meaning: To indicate that one is guilty of (doing) something; to blame or accuse one of (doing) something (bắt lỗi ai đó)

Example: She'll say that she doesn't blame anyone, but I know that, in her heart, she points the finger at me.​

Pour (Rub) Salt into (on) the Wound (an open

Meaning: Worsen an insult or injury; make a bad situation worse for someone (khiến cho tình trạng tệ hơn ~ giống câu xát muối vào vết thương)

Example: Breaking up with George was bad enough, but seeing him out with Carla just poured salt into an open wound

Pretty Penny

Meaning: A large amount of money

Example: A fancy car like that costs a pretty penny, so I definitely can't afford it!

Price (oneself, someone, or something) out of the market

Meaning: To change the price of something in such a way that the market becomes no longer competitive or viable for oneself, someone, or something (điều chỉnh giá khác xa với giá thị trường)

Example: They've really priced themselves out of the market by selling the new model at such a high price.

Puppies And Rainbows

Meaning: perfect, ideal (hoàn hảo, lí tưởng)

Example: At first my marriage was all puppies and rainbows, but then reality set in

Puppy Dog Eyes

Meaning: A begging look (ánh nhìn long lanh xin xỏ)

Example: I try to be strict with my daughter, but when she looks at me with those puppy dog eyes, I buy her candy.

Put the Brakes On

Meaning: To slow, impede, or stop someone's or something's progress or activities. (làm chậm/ dừng lại)

Example: The boss put the brakes on Gerald, who was trying too aggressively to get promoted.

Put Words Into (one’s) Mouth

Meaning: To falsely attribute a statement or belief to one (nhét chữ vào miệng ai đó)

Example: I never said you were lazy—stop putting words into my mouth!

Hi vọng danh sách trên đây sẽ giúp bạn có thêm các idioms để sử dụng trong các bài thi nói cũng như làm phong phú thêm giao tiếp hằng ngày. Hãy để lại bình luận (comment) nếu bạn có thắc mắc.

IELTS TUTOR cũng mong các em nắm thêm rất kĩ cách trả lời các dạng câu hỏi thường gặp trong IELTS SPEAKING PART 3 nhé!

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