"Tất tần tật" Collocation bắt đầu với B nên học trong tiếng anh

· Collocation

Bên cạnh hướng dẫn kĩ về cách paraphrase cụm approximately trong IELTS WRITING TASK 1, hôm nay, IELTS TUTOR sẽ gửi đến các bạn các collocation bắt đầu với chữ B nên học trong tiếng anh nhé!

bad breath

breath that doesn't smell nice - hơi thở không tốt

Ví dụ:

  • And as if diseased teeth and gums aren't bad nenough, the problem more obviously manifests itself as halitosis, bad breath
  • Symptoms of heartburn include excessive burping, pain in the chest area, acid regurgitation, a sour taste, and bad breath.
  • It is also possible that on one of these low-carb diets you may experience bad breath, constipation and a certain amount of hair loss.
  • That's all the mannetjie with the forked tail, bad breath and sulphur body odour is waiting for, slim sales talk.
  • But bad breath isn't always the result of choosing the wrong mouthwash or toothpaste, a University of Iowa dentist says.

bad diet

an unhealthy diet - chế độ ăn không tốt

Ví dụ:

  • A liver ailment, probably hereditary, was aggravated by overwork, bad diet and lack of sleep.
  • The poor living conditions, bad diet, and lack of exercise and now being alone have all taken their toll.
  • A bad diet can cause serious illnesses like heart disease, diabetes and cancer.

bad habit

a habit that badly affects you or other people, or that others think is wrong or bad - thói quen xấu

Ví dụ:

  • Riddled with guilt, I told her it was a bad habit and that I was going to stop.       
  • I had to move to a less demanding role because my lower back had a bad habit of going berko about 10 days into a two-week exercise.             
  • I know it's a bad habit, eating sweets in he morning, but strawberry shortcake is my favorite food.     
  • Mother has a bad habit of seeing to it that antiques are duly re-finished and polyurethaned.        
  • I have a bad habit of not closing the blinds properly or forgetting that the curtains are open.  

bad mood

a mood in which you're easily annoyed or angered - tâm trạng xấu

Ví dụ:

  • Then one day I had an epiphany and realized that you can go around in a bad mood all of the time, but it won't do any good.
  • And when Elizabeth was merely in a bad mood, she used branding irons, razors, pincers and torches.         
  • She was still in a bad mood about having lost the contest and been wrong at the same time.            
  • Dog's can't calmly explain that they're in a bad mood or don't feel well or are overstimulated and need some peace.          
  • It doesn't always happen, but every now and then I find that my PMS is symptomised by a really really really bad mood.

bad temper

a tendency to become angry quickly and easily - nóng tính, dễ nổi giận

Ví dụ:

  • All were in bad temper and soaking wet, eyes burning and sore from the oceans' salt as they sat along the disheveled bank. 
  • Dolly took full advantage of the outrageous disruption to vent her bad temper and to express her extreme displeasure in all directions.             
  • But don't get the wrong idea, he doesn't have a bad temper with Sherry or his kids.          
  • I don't think I have a bad temper, but I can get pretty agitated when watching sports that I like, such as football or boxing!   
  • That was the most logical thing to do since RJ had a bad temper and a checkered past.

badly damage

to do a lot of damage to something - phá hỏng nặng nề

Ví dụ:

  • Yet they have the explosive ability to sink or badly damage even large vessels by blowing open their hull below the waterline.
  • At the very least, it will badly damage the reputation of the hardliners.
  • Our house was badly damaged in the storm.
  • Using cheap foreign labour can damage a company's image quite badly.

badly hurt

seriously injured - bị thương nặng

Ví dụ:

  • His militia has been really very badly hurt, and it maybe why he's reconsidering his options.          
  • The question is whether Novell has momentarily stumbled, or has been more badly hurt than is realised. 
  • The driver was badly hurt, but his injuries were not thought to be life-threatening.     
  • She was so badly hurt that doctors had to perform a colostomy to allow her body parts to heal.    
  • It hadn't been a fast or hard throw, and she hoped that he wasn't too badly hurt.

balance a budget

to make income and expenditure equal in a budget - cân bằng chi tiêu và thu nhập

Ví dụ:

  • These tax-payer sponsored paychecks cannot be renegotiated in tough times to balance a budget.
  • I try to balance my budget, but I still get into debt.
  • If the government wants to balance the budget, it has to raise taxes.

balanced diet

a diet with the proper amounts of all necessary nutrients - chế độ ăn uống cân bằng

Ví dụ:

  • He said that the best way to lead healthy life is to take balance diet, avoid smoking and daily walks according to age group.
  • Everyone should try to eat a balanced diet.
  • A diet isn't balanced if it includes too much of one nutrient and not enough of another.

bare essentials

things that are needed the most - thứ cần thiết nhất

Ví dụ:

  • In record time we had changed and were repacking our bags having to leave behind all except the bare essentials.
  • We all travelled light, taking with us only what we considered to be the bare essentials of life.          
  • Whether you are going to the beach or the pool, here are some bare essentials for attracting the babes.        
  • McCauley's black and white photographs of sinks and other built-in fixtures show the bare essentials of a home.     
  • Typical of Beckett's later preoccupation with the art of minimalism, this performance cuts the story down to the bare essentials.

barely able (to do sth)

only just able to do something - chỉ có khả năng làm gì

Ví dụ:

  • They were barely able to drag themselves back to camp like the pathetic weaklings and cowards they are.
  • We were all fairly surprised to find ourselves barely able to walk straight when we finally did get up.       
  • Families in these impoverished regions are barely able to survive even when they are left alone. 
  • She could not believe that the goats could climb so steep an incline so nimbly, when she was barely able to find a fingerhold in the rock.
  • She backed out of the office barely able to contain herself from skipping and jumping about like some demented grasshopper.

basic right

a fundamental right that we all share, or that all animals share - quyền lợi cơ bản

Ví dụ:

  • Access to our beaches, our foreshore, and our seabed is a basic right for New Zealanders.     
  • I've always thought that the basic right to free speech has got a bit mixed up somewhere. 
  • It basically is a lawsuit that's filed that encumbers someone's basic right to free speech.      
  • There is therefore generally no basic right of appeal that extends automatically all the way to the Supreme Court.

bear a resemblance (to sb/sth)

to look like, or be similar to, somebody or something - giống

Ví dụ:

  • The symptoms of apoplexy, epilepsy, and Urmia bear a resemblance to those caused by some of the poisons of the neurotic class.   
  • They are artificial, and yet bear a resemblance to certain schopenhauerian theories.
  • She bears a striking resemblance to her grandmother.
  • The studio's version of the film bore little resemblance to the director's original version.

beat a record

to do something better, faster, longer, etc. than somebody else - vượt qua, phá kỷ lục

Ví dụ:

  • Owners Peter and Netty Hazel had hoped Shaun would beat a record held by a now-deceased New Zealand sheep named Shrek.
  • Cathy won the gold medal, and she also beat the world record.
  • Harry's record for holding his breath underwater is three minutes, and I just beat it!

beat to death

to beat a person or animal so badly that it causes death - đánh tới chết

Ví dụ:

  • An emancipist sawyer who previously murdered three people violently beat to death his lover.   

  • The fake story, repeated in a thousand news headlines, and beat to death week after week by the bloviating punditocracy, goes something like this.

  • After the riot, the warders beat some of the prisoners to death.
  • In 1955, fourteen-year-old Emmett Till was beaten to death for speaking to a white woman.

become increasingly

become more and more - tăng lên, nhiều hơn

Ví dụ:

  • And the charges and countercharges have become increasingly partisan and bitter.       
  • Normally chirpy and gregarious, the 49-year-old has become increasingly tetchy in the build-up to the tournament.  
  • It would be idle to deny that all sections of British orchestras have become increasingly female over the past couple of decades.   
  • Specialization can lead to attitudes of mind that become increasingly isolationist.       
  • They started out as simple undershirts for men, but have since become increasingly popular among young hipsters.

best ever

best until now - tốt nhất

Ví dụ:

  • Bakken has been with the women's bobsled team since day one and has been either the top U.S. driver or one of the best ever since.             
  • At county level it was our best ever year, with a total of 23 gold medals, two silver medals and 14 bronze medals.          
  • This has proved electorally successful, delivering Labour its two best ever election triumphs.
  • I had a low point towards the end of last season and that is why I was close to leaving the club, but now I am at my best ever level.     
  • The counterfeits were alleged to be some of the best ever, identifiable only by a slightly lighter shade of blue.

big brother/ big sister

older brother, older sister - anh chị lớn

Ví dụ:

  • Marshall is not only a dedicated daddy to Hailie, he is also a great big brother to Nathan.        
  • But it is only thanks to her big brother Marlon, a useful sprinter, that she turned to athletics.
  • Actually, everyone agrees that Thom is the worst teaser, like a big brother who revels in picking on everyone else.
  • A precocious big sister enumerates the discommodious nature of babyhood in this sassy tale.      
  • The only bad thing was that he couldn't share his happiness with anyone but his big sister.

big deal

something that's very important or very special - thứ quan trọng/ đặc biệt

Ví dụ:

  • I said I didn't think it would be a big deal, everyone has that fine downy, near-invisible hair.        
  • If he yells and waves his arms around too much to make a convincing weather girl, big deal.   
  • There's a few problems with the finer details, some really minor compression artifacts and motion blur but no big deal. 
  • That's fine for data, where a few milliseconds of lag time on a transcontinental journey is no big deal.
  • There is no big deal made of her Hispanic heritage, which is the way it should be.

big decision

very important decision - quyết định quan trọng

Ví dụ:

  • You make the big decision to finish and then they keep moving the dates to make sure they get every last cobble of coal.   
  • We've also got a big decision coming up because we've decided to walk another 10 kilometres to the next checkpoint.       
  • His big decision is whether to go for the kind of player he has brought in so far or chase some bigger name players.    
  • And do discuss it fully with your family before going ahead, as it is a very big decision.           
  • It was a big decision to donate my kidney, but it wasn't a problem in the end.

big money

a lot of money - nhiều tiền

Ví dụ:

  • We are not talking about being short of a little bit of dough, it is big money.  
  • When the big money shot in the movie leaves you strangely unmoved you know you have a problem.   
  • There is no secret that the NFL is big money, and Super Bowl week is all about the moola.        
  • Angus, Shorthorn, Simmental, Charolais and Limousin farmers were not afraid to pay big money for top class bulls.    
  • It was reported recently that a number of violent criminals paid big money to join the Vietnamese boat people to come to Australia.             

bitterly cold

extremely cold, of weather, wind, rain, etc. - cực kì lạnh buốt

Ví dụ:

  • Despite the bitterly cold weather on Nov. 28, activists gathered on the wind-blown bridge for over an hour.    
  • It was bitterly cold, with a thin skiff of snow holding down the dirt and dust of the streets.
  • It's the end of October, the unheated flat is bitterly cold and everyone just wants it all to be over.         
  • Most bush pilots recommend leaving cowl flaps closed in bitterly cold weather, especially during the warm-up.            
  • We see all four girls training for the sprint relay on a bitterly cold wintry day, with constant rain lashing the track.

bitterly disappointed

extremely disappointed - cực kì thất vọng

Ví dụ:

  • But I am bitterly disappointed not just with the result but our overall performance.   
  • The singers, in blonde wigs and full slap, are often inaudible, and when they come off at the end they are bitterly disappointed.  
  • If you want to force your ideas of story onto this experience, you will be bitterly disappointed.            
  • In the past, investors and superannuants believed in financial 'pipe dreams' of stability, and have been bitterly disappointed.          
  • It has bitterly disappointed working class voters and its core supporters, who identified it with significant social reforms 20 years

blind faith

unquestioning belief in something, even when it's unreasonable or wrong - niềm tin mù quáng

Ví dụ:

  • Blind faith is too crude a term, but banishment of doubt was, and is, part of it.           
  • Blind faith in Scotland is now the province of the very few, and seems instead to be dissolving into a sort of twisted cynicism about the national team. 
  • Blind faith in an over-subscribed, vainglorious myth will only hinder you.     
  • There is a word that covers uncritical support, non-negotiable loyalty and blind faith.
  • There seems to be a blind faith in the lad because he's lanky and he makes the ball bounce.

blind obedience

unquestioning obedience, even when you're told to do something you know is wrong - nghe lời một cách mù quáng

Ví dụ:

  • He doesn't present himself as a dictator who tramples on our liberty and demands blind obedience.
  • That is where Milgram was to conduct his classic and controversial experiments on blind obedience to authority.
  • But his blind obedience to duty and authority leads to a moral failure to rebel against Ahab, and because duty wins, he dooms both himself and the ship to its fate.
  • But he encouraged pietistic Sufism, even if his opposition to blind obedience to tradition forced him to favour independent reasoning.

blind loyalty

unquestioning support under any circumstances - trung thành không điều kiện

Ví dụ:

  • But their obedience was born out of necessity not out of blind loyalty to the crown.
  • Some true believers on one side have been unable to free themselves from a sense of blind loyalty to the past, ill-founded as it is in whole or in part.
  • Blind loyalty to fanatical leaders led to the most terrible wars of the twentieth century.
  • Because of their blind loyalty, people committed shocking crimes they'd never normally commit.

blissfully ignorant

unaware of something that might sadden or disturb you if you knew about it - phớt lờ điều gì

Ví dụ:

  • The wealthy incomers and tourists enjoy the boom town blissfully ignorant of the neglect and misery tucked out of their sight.
  • For Socrates, the appetitive hedonist is a blissfully ignorant Sisyphus forever doomed to the cruel pleasure of scratching a persistent itch.
  • They either remained blissfully ignorant about the deep symbolism of these images or deliberately ignored it.
  • The stereotype is an elderly, fogeyish male, blissfully ignorant of the everyday concerns of people who appear before him.
  • But prepare for disillusionment, too, for these artists were blissfully ignorant of more than just the watery liberalism we now cringingly sip like gelid, day-old decaf.

block of flats

a building with flats or apartments on several levels or floors - chung cư

Ví dụ:

  • The two tenants lived two floors apart in a block of flats notorious for housing drug addicts in New York's Bronx district.
  • A convicted arsonist with a history of mental illness has been set free despite threatening to set fire to a block of flats.
  • Illegal rooms have been constructed by city residents on open terraces of the existing block of flats in the entire belt of the southern sectors.
  • It will replenish the site with a tower block of flats offices and shops including a new travel and tourist information centre.
  • If this is so in what way do 72 three-storey town houses and a large block of flats help to resolve it?

book a flight

to buy a ticket for a flight on a plane - mua vé máy bay

Ví dụ:

  • We always book our flights online.
  • Which flight would you like me to book for you?
  • It's virtually impossible to book a flight just before the holiday.

boost morale

to increase morale or enthusiasm within a group of people - cảm thông, động viên

Ví dụ:

  • They clearly are a team in a need of a win just to boost morale for the second half of the season.
  • News that a mystery benefactor has chipped in money to provide City with more time to find a buyer will further boost morale.
  • The new Queen spent much of February touring the stricken areas to try to boost morale.
  • They say a change is as good as a rest, and one day away from work helping a local project could be a superb way to boost morale and team spirit.
  • Several soldiers and I are trying to build a recreation room to boost morale.

break a law

to do something illegal - làm trái luật

Ví dụ:

  • We can break a law unwittingly or be unjustly accused of breaking the law.
  • If you hadn't broken any laws, you wouldn't be in jail.
  • Laws are strictly enforced here, so if you break one you will be arrested.

break a promise

to fail to do what you promised to do - thất hứa

Ví dụ:

  • You’ll see it yeti never break a promise, the Ranger answered.
  • You promised not to gamble, but you broke your promise and went to a casino.
  • Politicians make promises before elections, and then break them after they've won.

break a record

to beat a previous record in sport, speed, sales, etc. - phá kỷ lục

Ví dụ:

  • On top of that, sports officials should give athletes a bonus anytime they break a record.
  • She's a very fast runner, and she could even break a world record one day.
  • If we break our old sales record, we'll all get a bonus.

breaking news

current news that a media organization gives special or live coverage to - tin nóng hổi

Ví dụ:

  • Though overdubs aren't exactly breaking news in the music world, Ruby uses them to a novel end.
  • This is a good survey of how a few breaking news stories were covered by the main services.
  • On the docket tonight, there is breaking news today in the case of the TV legal commentator's murdered wife.
  • This site is the best place for breaking news on technology and the Internet.
  • The online news sites are useful for a quick check of breaking news, but I am looking for something more.

bright future

successful or happy future - tương lai vui vẻ/ hạnh phúc

Ví dụ:

  • Although he was disappointed afterwards he has a bright future ahead of him in football.
  • It was the kind of shot that also convinces Westwood of the bright future that may lie ahead for the youngster.
  • This young man is an all round sportsman with a bright future ahead in boxing and hurling.
  • In good health, with a bright future ahead, he has little to fear from the dawning of another decade.
  • Together they would have a bright future, with full employment and a high standard of living.

bright idea

a brilliant, clever or original idea - ý kiến hay

Ví dụ:

  • They ended up lost, in a part of Dublin not promoted in the tourist guidebooks and one of them had a bright idea.
  • I don't know when I had come up with that bright idea, but I changed rooms right away.
  • On the second day of being stuck at home, I had the bright idea of taking a walk.
  • I can't remember whose bright idea it was to add the radio to our sad little party.
  • So coming from a man who's made good ideas into good business, what does it take to carry a bright idea through to completion?

bring about change

to cause or create change in something or someone - thay đổi

Ví dụ:

  • While those in positions to bring about change are deaf to their silent cries, WE can respond.
  • When the rule of law and political transition fail to bring about change, disenfranchised and marginalized groups take up arms.
  • We must work together to peacefully bring about change to our communities.
  • This is because both of them bring about change and growth in a person.

bring attention to

to make people aware of something - khiến ai chú ý

Ví dụ:

  • In Ireland, Fenians committed acts of violence to bring attention to their grievances.
  • The campaign will also bring attention to the damage caused to family life by alcohol abuse.
  • The only acceptable reason I can think of is to bring attention to the fact that it was a life-long condition.
  • One Gold Star wife who rode her motorcycle from Texas to Washington is leading the charge to bring attention to the pins and those who wear them.
  • The hip hop female look asks for low waist trendy jeans or skirts to bring attention to the hips and for tight tops to accentuate the chest.

bring to an end

to conclude an event, a process, a sequence, etc. - kết thúc sự kiện

Ví dụ:

  • First, and most importantly, it will bring to an end an anomalous exception to the basic premise that there should be a remedy for a wrong.        
  • The society established a charitable foundation in 1997 in a bid to bring to an end the chaos in branches.
  • His brother told the newspaper last night that he hoped the discovery would help bring to an end the family's nightmare which has dragged on for more than two years.
  • Identity cards would also bring to an end the ludicrously haphazard methods that individual organisations now employ to mount their own security checks.

bring to justice

to make somebody face trial or punishment for their crime - khiến ai chịu hình phạt, đòi lại công lý

Ví dụ:

  • We are united in our stand to bring to justice those that perpetrated such a horrendous act of murder. 
  • There was never any serious intention to bring to justice those responsible for the May riots.  
  • To date, Korean authorities have failed to bring to justice any of the individuals who have physically harmed or threatened these soldiers. 
  • Negotiations that disarm combatants and bring to justice those who commit atrocities should be encouraged.
  • We will do everything in our power to bring to justice those who were responsible for this foul deed.

broken home

a family in which the parents have separated or divorced - gia đình tan vỡ

Ví dụ:

  • A success in her career, who's the product of a broken home, the daughter of an alcoholic philanderer.
  • The product of a broken home, Tim seethes with a silent rage that manifests itself in exceedingly destructive ways.
  • Children from a broken home prefer if their parents split up rather than stay together, a study has found.
  • Buddy comes from a broken home, his family having fallen apart after his father's departure, and Buddy has become an alcoholic.
  • Having come from a broken home, he realises the importance of children feeling their parents are there for them.

budget deficit

a negative balance between revenues and spending - lỗ giữa thu nhập và chi tiêu

Ví dụ:

  • The rest of the budget deficit will be made up by increases in the council tax precept and by using cash reserves.
  • The budget deficit is the shortfall between the government's income, such as tax revenues, and its level of spending.
  • The financial impost of war would blow out a US budget deficit already escalating rapidly and dangerously.
  • According to him, within the 2001 budget the revenues will be redistributed without overshooting the planned budget deficit.
  • This situation, with such a trade balance and the high level of the current account, calls for a nil budget deficit.

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